JPEG – This is the file format most digital cameras use to quickly store photos that are compressed into a smaller size so the camera can fit more photos inside of the storage.
TIFF – This file format does not compress the photo at all and doesn’t sacrifice any pixels or any image quality because this file format keeps the image as large as it needs to be. This format gives the most quality and is the most commonly used in the industry
RAW – This format is the choice of professional photographers because the image isn’t changed at all automatically and retains all the features from the original photo. It is however a huge file size so going through many hard-drives is expected when using this.
DNG (Digital Negative) – DNG was created by Adobe to create a new RAW standard because there was just too many for the softwares to process and after a while not every software is able to process all the different RAW types. DNG is also used to convert old unaccessible RAW photos into the standard.
PNG – This format was created in the 90’s for internet use which is perfect because although it is compressed it saves in small sizes and loads quickly on online forums.
GIF – These files are ideal for online use, use 256 colors, and allow for animations to take place. Similar to the PNG but with a limited color palette.
BMP – BMP was created by Microsoft for use on the Windows platform but is now used by other systems like Mac. It’s purpose was to have a large file size and save color per pixel without compression creating high quality digital images without compression. This is great for print but not for digital use.
PSD – A large file format that is used to edit individual layers in the photo. This is used for extensive use of editing on the photo but once the photo compresses all the layers together it cannot be un-done.